The Kerala State Council for Science, Technology and Environment (KSCSTE) was constituted in November 2002 as an autonomous body to encourage and promote Science and Technology related activities in the Kerala State by restructuring the erstwhile State Committee for Science, Technology and Environment (STEC) established in 1972 in concurrence with the Science Policy of Government of India. The apex body of KSCSTE is the State Council with Chief Minister of Kerala as the President. The chief executive officer of the Council is Executive Vice President (EVP).
There are Seven R&D centres under the umbrella of the Council which does research work in specific identified domains. The Centre for Earth Science Studies (CESS) is established to promote modern scientific and technological research and development studies in earth sciences. CESS pursues multidisciplinary research in problems related to land, sea and atmosphere, Research & Development activities in basic and applied fields, user training and academic programs, consultancy and Science popularization. The Centre for Water Resources Development and Management (CWRDM) was established by recognizing the need for catering to the R&D needs in the field of water management. The Kerala Forest Research Institute (KFRI) is established to undertake research in areas like forestry, biodiversity etc., that are vital to the development of the Kerala State. National Transportation Planning and Research Centre (NATPAC) is undertaking research and consultancy works in the fields of traffic engineering and transportation planning, highway engineering, public transport system, inland water transport, tourism planning, rural roads, environmental impact assessment and transport energy. Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute (TBGRI) is established with the vision of Conservation and sustainable utilization of the plant biodiversity of India, particularly of Kerala for the well being of her people. The Kerala School of Mathematics (KSoM) has been setup as a joint venture of KSCSTE and National Board of Higher Mathematics, under Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India. The main objective of the institute is to promote Mathematical research in the country and particularly in Kerala. The Srinivasa Ramajuan Institute for Basic Sciences (SRIBS) is a Capacity building initiative of KSCSTE in basic sciences. The institute was created in 2012 to commemorate the 125th birth anniversary of Sri. Srinivasa Ramajuan the legendary Indian mathematician. The institute was formally inaugurated by the Hon'ble Chief Minister on 7th February 2013, it is temporarily functioning in the Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology Campus, Pampady, Kottayam.