JNTBGRI is dedicated to the conservation and sustainable utilization of the Tropical plant genetic resources particularly of Western Ghats of India. Currently the Institute conserves largest number of tropical plant species among the botanic gardens in Asia. Recognising the importance of conserving plant genetic diversity and promoting R & D in plant science the Government of Kerala has established the institute in 1979 and the Government of India has been given the status of the Institute as Centre of Excellence since 1994.
Website : www.jntbgri.res.in
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TROPICAL BOTANIC GARDEN AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE (JNTBGRI)
Pacha-Palode P. O, Thiruvananthapuram – 695 562, Kerala, India
Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute (JNTBGRI) formerly known as Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute (TBGRI) was founded in 1979 with the objective of establishing a Conservatory Botanic Garden of tropical plant resources in general and of the country and the Kerala state in particular. It also undertakes research programmes for the sustainable utilization of these resources. The Institute was established as an autonomous R & D organisation by the Government of Kerala in 1979. In 1996, the Saraswathi Thangavelu Extension Centre of JNTBGRI housing the bioinformatics component became functional. During the year 2003, JNTBGRI was brought under the newly formed society, Kerala State Council for Science, Technology and Environment (KSCSTE), which is registered as a society under the Science and Technology Department, Government of Kerala. The institute is located in 300 acres of natural forestland, right in the lap of the Western Ghats of Palode, 40 km northeast to Thiruvananthapuram city, on the Thiruvananthapuram- Shenkottah state highway. The Extension Centre is situated at Puthenthoppe, 15 km north of Thiruvananthapuram city, near the sea coast.
Vision: Conservation and sustainable utilisation of the plant biodiversity of India, particularly of Kerala, for the wellbeing of her people.
Mission: To advance knowledge, enjoyment and conservation of plants through excellence in biodiversity research management, horticulture displays and educational programmes.
The core areas of research:
· Ex-situ Conservation and Management of Plant Wealth of the Country in general and the State in particular.
· Phytodiversity Documentation, Systematic Studies and Conversation
· Bio Prospecting (Biotechnological, Phytochemical and Pharmacological) of Plants for Sustainable Utilisation
· Documentation of Indigenous Knowledge
· Education, Extension and Training on Conservation and Sustainable Utilisation of Plants
Major Achievements of the Institution over years:
JNTBGRI is reckoned as the biggest conservatory garden in Asia with over 50,000 accessions belonging to 4000 species. The conservatories of the garden include an Arboretum (750 species), Bambusetum (69 species), Palmetum (150 species), Medicinal Plants (1200 species), orchard for lesser-known edibles (120 species), Fernery (250 species), wild ornamentals (120 species), conservatory for rare and endangered plants (120 species) etc and special assorted collections such as Cycads (18 species), Cacti and Succulents (200 species), Balsams (52 species), water plants (50 species), Jasmines (48 species), Zingibers (60 species) and Ornamental plants (600 species/ varieties). A special conservatory for Andaman and Nicobar plants (120 species) is also maintained.
Highly coordinated multidisciplinary research is undertaken in the areas of Plant Taxonamy, Conservation Biology, Ethnobotany and Bioprospecting (Biotechnological, Pharmocological and Phytochemical).
Three genera and over 90 species of flowering plants and 400 taxa of fungi have been described as new to science. Half a dozen horticultural plant varieties including orchid hybrids have been developed and registered.
Conservation Biology with respect to identification of Keystone Species, Population Biology and Restoration Studies of 20 endemic and threatened species has been achieved.
The novel benefit sharing model, developed by JNTBGRI with the Kani tribe has opened up a new path in scientific research by implementing Article 8 (j) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and recognizing the IPR of Kani tribe through equitable sharing of benefits. This model has been widely appreciated at the global level and it received the Equator Initiative Award during the last Earth Summit held at Johannesburg in the year 2002. CBD Secretariat has recognized this benefit sharing model and also the Government of India presented this as a case study to the World Intellectual Property Rights Organisation (WIPO).
Micropropogation protocols for 42 plants species including endemic/economically important ones (Orchids, Anthuriums, Medicinal plants, Philodendrons, Bananas, Bamboos, Rattans, Nepenthens and Trees) developed.
Pharmacopoeial standards for 17 drugs used in ISM were prepared for the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and monographs on 12 therapeutically useful medicinal plants were prepared for the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Government of India. Ethnomedical leads of about 20 medicinal plants were established.
20 books and over 1200 research papers have been published in peer-reviewed national and international journals and research bulletins. Five plant-based databases have been developed. 18 patents in the fields of biotechnology and bio prospecting have been filed of which seven have been granted.
For more details visit : www.jntbgri.res.in