Kerala Coastal Zone Management Authority
As populations in coastal areas increase and the economic activity diversifies, all the impacts on coastal environment are bound to worsen threatening survival of several species, productivity of the biota, and render fishing an unsustainable proposition. It is, therefore, clear that unless governments and resource users take appropriate action, the degradation of the coastal and marine environment will become uncontrollable and there will be no possibilities for sustainable use of resources from these waters.
The Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Act notified by the Ministry of Environment and Forests in 1991 needs to be seen against this background. It declares coastal stretches as CRZ and regulates certain activities within the zone. The provisions of the act are to be implemented by the coastal states and Union Territories. It also envisages the creation of an appropriate authority at the state/UT level to be responsible for enforcement and enactment of these provisions.